This is super awesome. I just recently realized that 3D technology already exist even in the late 18th century and early 19th century! Wow.
It is commonly called as stereoview, and one of the kind of stereo images modern viewer is the View Master.
The noted Japanese photographer who responsible for these pics is T. Enami (1859-1929).
For the rest of the cool images you can find it here : http://pinktentacle.com/2009/10/animated-stereoviews-of-old-japan/. And for the original stereo images (non animated)you can find here.